Recommended Reading

These articles include the references mentioned during the workshop as well as additional background information.


NEW American Heart Assoc Scientific Statement: Interventions to Promote Physical Activity and Dietary Lifestyle Changes for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Adults.

Circulation, 122(7): 406-441, 2010

ACSM Position Stand: Exercise and Physical Activity for Older Adults.

Chodzko-Zajko, Wojtek J, D. Proctor, M Fiatarone et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41(7):1510-1530, 2009

ACSM Position Stand: The Femal Athlete Triad

Nattiv A, Loucks AB, Manore MM, Sanborn CF, Sundgot-Borgen J, Warren MP; Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Oct;39(10):1867-82.

A New Paradigm for Post-Cardiac Event Resistance Exercise Guidelines

Adams J, M. Cline, M. Hubbard, T McCullough, at al. Am J Cardiol 2006; 97:281-286

Exercise-Induced Changes in Insulin and Glycogen Metabolism in Elderly Adults

Coker R, Hays N, Williams R, Brown A, Freeling A, Kortebein P and Evans W.
Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 2006; 38 (3):433-438

Letter: Effect of 10 Days of Bed Rest on Skeletal Muscle in Healthy Older Adults

Kortebein P, Ferrando A, Lombeida J, Wolfe R, Evans W. JAMA April 23, 2007

Energetics of walking in elderly people: Factors related to gait speed

Fiser WM, Hays NP, Rogers SC, Kajkenova O, Williams AE, Evans CM, Evans WJ. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 Aug 1 E spub

The effect of different intensity modalities of resistance training on beat-to-beat blood pressure in cardiac patients

Lamotte M, G Niset and P van de Borne Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2005, 12:12-17

Resistance training for chronic heart failure patients on beta blocker medications

Levingera I., R Bronksa, D Codyb, et al. Int'l l Cardiology 2005; 102: 493- 499

The underappreciated role of muscle in health and disease

Wolfe RR Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:475- 82.


Protein for Sports-New Data and New Recommendations

Ziegenfuss T, J Landie, R Lemieux. Strength and Conditioning J 31(1): 2010

ACSM Postiion Stand: Progression Models in Resistance Training for Healthy Adults

Ratamess N, B. Alvar, T Evetoch et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 41(3): 687-708, 2009

Supplements for Strength-Power Athletes

Bill Campbell, C Wilbrn, P LaBounty. Strength & Conditioning J, 2010; 32(1): 93-100

Muscle Cramps During ExerciseńIs It Fatigue or Electrolyte Deficit?

Michael Bergeron Curr Sports Med Rep 7(4):S50-55, 2008

The effect of a carbohydrate and protein supplement on resistance exercise, performance, hormonal response, and muscle damage.

Baty J, Hwang H, Ding Z, Bernard J, Wand B, Kwon B and Ivy J. J Strength and Conditioning Research 2007; 21(2):321-329

Effects of Supplement Timing and Resistance Exercise on Muscle Hypertrophy.

Cribb P and Hayes A. Med Sci Sports Exerc 38 (1): 1918-1925, 2006.

The Effect of Whey Isolate and Resistance Training on Strength, Body Composition, and Plasma Glutamine

Paul J. Cribb, Andrew D. Williams, Michael F. Carey, Alan Hayes Intíl J Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2006, 16, 494-509

Skeletal muscle loss: cachexia, sarcopenia, and inactivity

Evans, W. Am J Clin Nutr91(4):1123S-1127, 2010

Frailitiy and muscle metabolism dysregulation in the elderly

Evans WJ, Paolisso G, Abbatecola AM, Corsonello A, et al. F. Biogerontology. 2010 Oct;11(5):527-36

Protein Nutrition, Exercise and Aging

W Evans J Amer College of Nutrition 23(6):601S-609S, 2004

Accelerated longitudinal decline of aerobic capacity in healthy older adults.

Fleg JL, Morrell CH, Bos AG, Brant LJ, Talbot LA, Wright JG, Lakatta EG.Circulation. 2005 2;112(5):674-82

Compared with casein or total milk protein, digestion of milk soluble proteins is too
rapid to sustain the anabolic postprandial amino acid requirement.

LaCroix M, Bos C, Leonil J. et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(5):1070-9.

Macronutrient Considerations for the Sport of Bodybuilding

Lambert C, L Frank and W Evans Sports Med 2004; 34(5):317-327

Adaptations to Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in the Elderly.

Lambert C and W. Evans. Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders 2005; 6:137-143

Effects of Aging and Resistance Exercise on Determinants of Muscle Strength

Lambert C and W Evans J American Aging Association 25:73-78, 2002

Dietary Protein to Support Anabolism with Resistance Exercise in Young Men

Phillips S, J. Hartman and S. Wilkinson J. Amer Coll Nutrition, 2005; 24(2):134S-139S

Ingestion of casein and whey result in muscle anabolism after resistance exercise.

Tipton K, Elliot T, Cree M, Wolf S, Sanford A, Wolfe R. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2004. 36(12):2073-81.

Skeletal Muscle PGF2a and PGE2 in Response to Eccentric Resistance Exercise: Influence of Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen.

Trappe T, J. Fluckey, F. White, C. Lambert and W. Evans Journal of Clinical Endro & Metab 86(10):5067-5070

Effect of ibuprofen and acetaminophen on postexercise muscle protein synthesis

Trappe T, F. White, C. Lambert, D. Cesar, M. Hellerstein and W. Evans Journal Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282: E551-E556 2002


ADA Position Stand: Weight Management

J Amer Diet Assoc 109: 330-346, 2009

Physiologic and behavioral indicators of energy deficit in female adolescent runners with elevated bone turnover.

Barrack MT, Van Loan MD, Rauh MJ, Nichols JF, Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 92(3):652-9

Impact of exercise training compared to caloric restriction on hepatic and peripheral insulin resistance in obesity.

Coker RH, Williams RH, Yeo SE, Kortebein PM, Bodenner DL, Kern PA, Evans WJ. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Nov;94(11):4258-66

All Calories are Not Equal

Evans W. and N. Hayes Response to letter to the editor, Archives Internal Medicine, May 2005

Effects of an Ad Libitum, High-Carbohdyrate Diet and Aerobic Exercise Training on Insulin Action and Muscle Metabolism in Older Men and Women.

Hays N, R. Starling, S. Sullivan, J. Fluckey, R. Coker, R. Williams and W. Evans. J Gerontology 2006; , 61(3):299-304

Effects of an Ad Libitum Low-Fat, High-Carbohydrate Diet on Body Weight, Body Composition, and Fat Distribution in Older Men and Women

Hays N, R. Starling,, X Liu, D. Sullivan, T. Trappe, J. Fluckey, and W. Evans Arch Int Med 2004; 164(2):210-217

Anthropometric assessment of 10-y changes in body composition in the elderly.

V. Hughes, R. Roubenoff, M.Wood, W. Frontera, W. Evans and M. Fiatarone Singh, Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:475-82

“Daily practices for mindful exercise.”

by Calogero R, & Pedrotty K; pp.141-160 in Handbook of low-cost preventive interventions for physical and mental health: Theory, research, and practiee; L'Abate L., D. Embry, & M. Baggett, Ed. Springer-Verlag. 2007

A small-changes approach reduces energy intake in free-living humans.

Stroebele N, de Castro JM, Stuht J, Catenacci V, Wyatt HR, Hill JO. J Am Coll Nutr. 2009 Feb;28(1):63-8.

Maintaining vigorous activity attenuates 7-year weight gain in 8340 runners.

Williams P. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39(5): 801-809.


ACSM Positon Stand: The Female Athlete Triad

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 39:10): 1867-1882

Eating Disorders in the Male Athlete

Baum, Antonia Sports Medicine 2006; 36(1):

Physiologic and behavioral indicators of energy deficit in female adolescent runners with elevated bone turnover.

Barrack MT, Van Loan MD, Rauh MJ, Nichols JF, Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 92(3):652-9.

Changes in resting energy expenditure and body composition in anorexia nervosa patients during refeeding

Khran D, Rock C, Dechert R et al. J Amer Diet Assoc 1993; 93:434-438

Obesity, disordered eating, and eating disorders in a longitudinal study of adolescents: How do dieters fare five years later?

Neumark-Sztainer D, Wall M, Guo J, Story M et al. J Amer Diet Assoc. 2006; 106:559-568.


Exercise and Fluid Replacement

ACSM Position Stand 2007

Exertional Heat Illness during Training & Competition

ACSM Position Stand 2007

The Effect of Alcohol on Athletic Performance

Shirreffs S and R Maughan. Curr Sports Med Reports 5:192-196, 2006

Fluid, electrolyte, and renal indices of hydration during 11 days of controlled caffeine consumption.

Armstrong L, A Pumerantz, M Roti, et al. Int'l J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2005;15:252-265

The Effect on Hydration of Two Diets, One with and One without Plain Water

Grandjean, K. Reimers, M. Haven, G. Curtis, J Amer College of Nutrition 2003; 22 (2): 165-173

Milk as an effective post-exercise rehydration drink

Shirreffs S, P Watson and R. Maughan British Journal of Nutrition 2007; 98, 173-180

Sodium Loading Aids Fluid Balance and Reduces Physiological Strain of Trained Men Exercising in the Heat.

Sims ST, van Vliet L, Cotter J, Rehrer N. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39(1): 123-130, 2007

Effects of Soft Drink Consumption on Nutrition and Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Vartanian L, M. Schwartz, and K. Brownell Am J Public Health. 2007; 97:667-675.


ACSM, ADA and CDA Joint Position Stand 2009: Nutrition and Athletic Performance

Med Sci Sports Exer 41(3): 709-731, 2009

Carbohydrates and fat for training and recovery

Burke L, Kiens B and Ivy J Journal of Sports Sciences, 2004, 22, 15-30

Engineered Sports Foods: A Primer

N. Clark, CSSD, Nov. 2006

How to Become a Sports Dietitian

Clark, Nancy

Chocolate milk as a post-exercise recovery aid.

Karp, J.R. et. al. Int'l J Sports Nutr Exerc Metab. 16:78-91, 2006.

Influence of nutrient intake after weigh-in on lightweight rowing performance.

Slater G, A Rice, K Shapre, D Jenkins and A Hahn. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39(1):184